10 types of grass for your garden | Real estate
Having a green and vibrant garden can give your home a picturesque backdrop and greatly enhance your curb appeal. However, achieving that perfect lawn picture starts with choosing the right grass.
Says Erin Chanin, gardening partner at Troy Built, volunteer master gardener and creator of The Gardener’s Patience blog and YouTube channel. “Finding a balance between all of these criteria will help you know what is best for your yard.”
Here’s a breakdown of what you need to know to help your lawn grow, and what types of grass may be right for you:
The best type of grass for your lawn depends on where you live. In the United States, there are three primary areas to consider:
- The northern area: This includes the northern states and parts of Canada where summers are mild and winters are cold. Cool season grasses thrive best in this area.
- Southern area: These are the Deep South and Bay Area, with hot summers and mild winters. Warm season grasses do best in this area.
- Transition zone: The area between the northern and southern regions is the most difficult for meadows, with hot summers and cold winters. However, some types of grass are able to withstand cold and hot weather while remaining green most of the year.
You also need to consider the circumstances of your property. Is it mostly shaded? Is there enough water? Some types of grass may be better suited to coastal areas with saltier soil or high-traffic lawns.
Once you have selected your grass seeds, you will need to create the turf. “Establishing a lawn is different from maintaining a lawn. “The former requires regular, perhaps daily, watering, but once established, homeowners can switch into maintenance mode,” Shannen explains.
Once your lawn is established, Shannen says maintenance includes fertilizing — usually four applications a year beginning in spring through early fall — regular mowing with the blade mounted high on the mulching mower, and watering if necessary.
“Most lawns require 1 to 2 inches of water per week, whether from rain or supplemental irrigation. However, some grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass and fescue grown in cooler regions, become dormant during dry periods.” This is normal. Absolutely, but homeowners have to decide whether they will continue a lot of supplemental irrigation or allow the grass to lie dormant until cooler, wetter conditions return.”
Sun light: At least four hours of direct sunlight daily
water: Deep watering once a week
Bermuda grass is a coarse grass with a grey-green color but hybrid varieties are finer in texture. This type of grass works best in warmer areas and is a common grass found on golf courses. Bermuda grass can be mowed fairly short, and Shannen says it has a drought-tolerant nature, making it ideal for arid areas.
“Bermuda grass is a resilient species that can withstand high traffic and heat, making it a favorite for many homeowners,” says Brian Clayton, CEO and co-founder of GreenPal, an online marketplace that connects homeowners with lawn care professionals in their area. .
The downside is that it has high maintenance requirements. Bermuda grass requires regular mowing, watering at least once a week, fertilizing, annual aeration and weed control.
Sun light: At least six hours of direct sunlight daily
water: It tolerates drought and does not require additional irrigation
Buffalo grass is a prairie grass that does well in warmer areas, especially hot, dry climates, and grows between late May and early September before becoming dormant. During the warmer months, buffalo grass is primarily green but has a blue or bluish-gray tint. When temperatures drop, the grass becomes dormant and turns light brown.
A buffalo grass lawn is low maintenance and requires infrequent mowing and little to no fertilization. Buffalo grass does best in areas with full sun, but it can grow in areas that only get six hours of sunlight per day. If planted in partial shade, the grass density will be thinner.
Sun light: Depends on the species
water: It is drought tolerant but requires deep watering during prolonged dry periods
“Because lawns are particularly thirsty, homeowners in drought-affected areas should consider alternatives to traditional lawns,” Shannen explains. “Many Carex species can make good turf replacements that won’t need a lot of mowing or require a lot of water once established.”
Carex, sometimes referred to as sedge, is an environmentally friendly alternative to typical grass lawns and many Carex species are drought-tolerant. If you want to use Carex in your garden, choose a species native to your area. Carex pensylvanica is best suited to the eastern and central states and grows in a range of weather conditions and soil types. Carex texensis is recommended for southern states and does well in hot, humid weather. You can find Carex tumulicola in the West, which can tolerate both dry and humid climates.
water: As needed, it prefers dry soil but may need additional watering in summer
Soft fescue is a collective term for several species of this grass – chewy, hardwood, sheepskin, slender creeping red and hardy creeping red. Known for its shade tolerance and low maintenance requirements, soft fescue prefers cool, humid climates north of the transition zone, such as New England and the Pacific Northwest. Its color varies depending on the species of fine fescue. For example, slender creeping red fescue is a light to medium green while sheep’s fescue is a soft blue green.
This type of grass needs little fertilizer and does not need to be mowed frequently. Fine fescue needs well-drained soil that has a low to moderate tolerance for foot traffic. The amount of water you need depends on your climate. If you don’t get enough water, your grass may become lethargic.
Sun light: Full sun but light shade is acceptable
water: Watering deeply but infrequently
“Kentucky bluegrass, known for its beautiful, rich blue-green color, thrives in cool weather,” Clayton says. Kentucky bluegrass is easily noticed, and homeowners in northern and transitional areas can see great results with this type of grass.
Kentucky bluegrass prefers full sun but tolerates light shade. It has a high tolerance to disease when well managed and remains dormant during dry periods. However, it is not a highly mobile grass and requires about an inch of water per week to keep it green. Deep and infrequent watering helps strengthen the root system. Frequent nitrogen fertilizer applications are also recommended to help your Kentucky bluegrass lawn look its best.
Sun light: Depends on local plant species
Homeowners across the country are ditching grassy lawns in favor of native plants and grasses. These are plants that are naturally found in your area and require no maintenance once established. Since these are native plants, the exact needs depend on where you live.
“Native plants or native plant varieties tend to be more adaptable to harsh weather conditions, so creating larger planting spaces filled with these plants and reducing the amount of grass is also an excellent way to have a beautiful yard in areas where lawns struggle,” Shannen advises. .
Sun light: Full sun to partial shade
St. Augustine meadowsweet, also referred to as floratum, is thick, rough, and dark green in color. Shannen says this type of grass works best in warm, humid areas such as Florida and the Gulf States. It doesn’t tolerate cold temperatures and requires a high level of humidity to survive, so you won’t find much of it anywhere else.
To keep your garden lush, frequent watering and fertilizing is required. Full sun is best, but it tolerates some shade. The soil should have good drainage and remain evenly moist. St. Augustine grass does not spread by seed and requires mulching. Insects and diseases can also be a problem.
Sun light: Full sun to partial shade
water: Water only when rainfall is minimal
maintenance: Medium to low
Tall fescue is a cool-season grass that does well in the Pacific Northwest and South. This grass is dark green, has wide blades and is able to survive through the winter. During the summer, tall fescue can turn brown in high heat, but it is fairly tolerant. Tall fescue is taller than fine fescue and has a sturdier stem, making it the ideal type of grass for high-traffic areas.
This grass is drought tolerant and does not require much fertilization. Although it is a cool season grass, it can grow in hotter temperatures. Weekly watering is helpful but not required.
Sun light: Full to partial sunlight
Xeriscaping is one landscaping method that homeowners use to reduce watering as much as possible. Although largely developed to suit dry desert climates, desert agriculture can be implemented anywhere by prioritizing drought-tolerant native plants.
Homeowners can use xeriscape landscaping with a wide variety of drought-tolerant plants. Native plants usually do best because they have already adapted to the local climate and do not need human intervention.
water: One inch of water per week but is drought tolerant
Zoysia grass is a light to medium green grass that forms a dense, medium-textured turf. It is most common in the Midlands and Carolinas transition zone. People often choose zoysia because it can tolerate high heat, drought, and heavy foot traffic.
Zoysia grass doesn’t need a lot of water, but it does best with an inch of water per week. It tolerates a variety of soil types and should be fertilized once a year. Granular fertilizers are not recommended and soil testing can help prevent over-fertilization.
(tags for translation) Josephine Nesbitt