3 easy ways to propagate plants at home

3 easy ways to propagate plants at home

Expand your plant family using the foliage you already have.

(Illustration: Sumit Gill)

Want to go from a few houseplants to full greenhouse glory? No garden center shopping spree needed. Propagating plants is easy: all you need is a knife, soil, empty pots and some patience. Cloning your plants is also essential to maintain the size and shape you want. “Plants are constantly growing and changing, and individual leaves have a finite lifespan,” says Darryl Cheng, author of “Plants are constantly growing and changing.” New plant parent And creator of the Instagram account House Plant Journal. “If you understand propagation, you can keep your plants looking beautiful.” A leggy Pothos plant or a Seussian succulent isn’t necessarily a sign that you’re a bad plant parent — it might be time for a reset. “You’re writing a new chapter in a plant’s life,” says Cheng, who shared some of his propagation strategies for maximizing indoor greenery.

  • Sharp knife or scissors
  • A bowl or jar of water (for cutting the stem)
  • Pots for your new plants
  • Fresh potting soil (use the same type as the parent plant, if unsure, ask your nursery expert for help)

In most cases, bright, indirect light — as opposed to direct sunlight — is best for transplants.

How to Propagate Plants from Stem Cuttings

3 easy ways to propagate your plants (Illustration: Sumit Gill)

Cut just below the node (or bulge) where the leaf meets the main vine. A stem can produce several cuttings, each needing only a small piece of stem, with a node and a leaf.

Step 2: Put the cuttings in the water

Place them in water until they grow at least a centimeter of roots (it may take several weeks, so be patient!). You can leave the cuttings longer. “Water allows you to procrastinate,” Cheng says.

Step 3: Plant the rooted cuttings

Once the cuttings have grown roots, pot them in Place the soil in a pot or add it to an existing pot for a fuller look. Water well. “The soil must be moist for the cuttings to take root.”

Best for: Monstera, Tradescantia, Philodendron, Pothos

How to propagate plants from pups or plants

3 easy ways to propagate your plants (Illustration: Sumit Gill)

Step 1: Find the thumbnails

When you see a miniature version of your plant, that’s a puppy! When it reaches at least a third the size of its parents, you can repot it in another pot. Some pups grow out of the soil, others grow on a long stalk.

Cut the connection between the puppy and its parent with a sharp knife. (You may have to take the plant out of its pot to do this.) For young ones in the soil, bring in as many roots as possible.

plants In itself Pot and water well. (If the pup doesn’t have roots yet, plant it in soil, and it will grow roots.) Use a similar pot-to-plant ratio as the parent.

Best for: Aloe Vera, Pilea, Snake Plant, Spider Plant

How to propagate plants using root division

3 easy ways to propagate your plants (Illustration: Sumit Gill)

Step 1: Know when the time is right

Think about partitioning healthy A plant that has outgrown its current container. The bigger your start The plant is, the more clones you have can make.

Remove the plant from a pot. Cut the root ball in half with a sharp knife. Separate the roots to help them settle into the new soil. Cut off any rotten ones.

Replant each half Subordinate The root ball is in its own container and watered well. “It will look like a plant cut in half,” Cheng says. “But over time, you’ll have two full plants.”

Best for: Fern, snake plant, peace lily

How to reset your juicer

Illustration on a pink background showing how to propagate succulents.

Adorable succulents that one day grow tall? Bring him back to his former delicious self. “Once it reaches a certain size, no matter how good the light is, it will get taller,” Cheng says. He recommends bringing it back with a quick surgery.

Step 1: Cut the rose

Leave an inch of stem and remove any stray lower leaves from the cutting. Fertilize the original plant (which is now a stem with only a few leaves) or continue to care for it, as it will eventually grow a new rosette.

Step 2: Plant the rose

Plant it in A new pot of fast-draining soil or cactus mix (such as Parent) and water well. Or place healthy leaves on top of the soil, they will produce a new plant (which means it will take time for significant growth).

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