Everything you need to know about the Bacopa plant (Sutera cordata)

Everything you need to know about the Bacopa plant (Sutera cordata)

the beautiful Cardiac schinostoma Also known as Sutera Cordata Or bacopa, a low-growing perennial plant. It belongs to a family called Scrophulariaceae. Native to South Africa, this plant grows with small snowflake-shaped flowers that come in pastel colors of white, pink, blue or lavender. Gardeners like to grow it because the plant attracts butterflies.

Image credits: Gardening.green87

Bacopa looks great when grown in a hanging basket because its leaves flow elegantly. Its small, heart-shaped green leaves are beautiful and have serrated edges. Since it is a semi-aquatic plant, it can also be grown in an aquarium (apart from window boxes) or in your garden.

Related: 16 hanging plants for a greener home

  • The scientific name: Sutera Cordata
  • family: Scrophulariaceae
  • Plant type: Perennial (annual in cold areas)
  • Mature size: 6-12 inches
  • sun: Full sun to part shade
  • Soil preferences: Well-drained potting soil
  • Hardiness zones: 8-11 USDA

What plants are often confused with bacopa?

Sutera Cordata It does not actually belong to the Bacopa genus, although it is called by a similar name. This can be confusing! To help sort things out, here are two common plants that people confuse with.

Bacopa monnieri

The floor Sutera Cordata It is often confused with aquatic Bacopa monnieripart of the plants family. Although they have similar flowers, the two are very different. The aquarium plant Bacopa is often used as a medicinal plant. It is known by names such as water hyssop, brahmi, and thyme-leafed gratiola. This plant grows in swampy areas in southern and eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America.

Bacopa caroliniana

Bacopa Carolinian It is an aquarium plant that can be used for decoration. It is easy to grow and an excellent choice for beginners. The plant has small leaves that produce a lemony scent when crushed. It has beautiful blue flowers with five petals. You can grow it above or under water, but its flowers will rot when submerged.

Planting and growing Bacopa

Since it is a versatile plant, you can grow bacopa anywhere. Heres how to do it.

Where is the best place to grow Bacopa?

Plant bacopa in a place exposed to full or partial sunlight. It must be protected from strong winds. If you place it in a potted container, make sure there are a few drainage holes to saturate the soil without causing the roots to rot. Hanging plant pots are the best option for this trailing plant.

When does bacopa grow?

This plant prefers moderate climates. The best time to plant bacopa outside is early or mid-spring after all danger of frost has passed. You can either grow them from seeds or cuttings.

Spread Sutera Cordata

Follow these steps to propagate Bacopa easily:

  • Take three-inch cuttings from its stem just below the leaves.
  • Place them in the soil and cover the plants with a plastic bag to help maintain the moisture needed for germination.
  • Keep the pot in a warm, sunny place.
  • Roots will form after a few weeks.
  • Plant the seedlings in the ground at least 10-12 inches.

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How to care for bacopa plants

Bacopa plant care is relatively simple because it grows quickly and doesn’t require a lot of maintenance. Here are some things you can do to ensure your plant thrives.

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Illustration of bacopa plant.

The trailing annual needs plenty of sunlight. Although they can survive in afternoon shade or low light, bacopa flowers will only bloom well in full sun. If it grows in a very sunny place, make sure the soil is always moist.



Sutera Cordata It needs well-drained soil. Grow the plant in containers with all-purpose soil. The optimum soil pH required is 5.6-5.9. If they are planted in the garden, make sure they are spaced a few inches apart so they don’t hinder each other’s growth.


Regular watering will keep your bacopa happy and healthy. Water the plant abundantly and make sure its soil is always moist. It will lose its buds if it is not watered adequately. An easy way to help conserve bacopa water is to place a layer of organic matter or mulch on top of the soil.

Related: This flower pot will tell you when it needs water

Temperature and humidity

Bacopa will not be able to flower in extreme heat or freezing temperatures. The appropriate temperature for the plant is 68-100 F. Take care of your bacopa by monitoring the temperature and humidity indoors or outdoors. You can use a Moisturizer To recreate ideal growing conditions if grown indoors.


Regular fertilizing will help keep the plant healthy and thriving throughout the season. Use a water-soluble fertilizer and follow the directions on the label. If the plant is turning brown or yellow, this is a sign that it needs more nutrients. Landscape plants should be fertilized every 2-3 weeks, while container plants need fertilizing every 1-2 weeks.

Renamed Bacopa

The best time to plant bacopa is late winter or early spring. This will provide the ideal temperature for root growth before hot weather arrives. When replanting, make sure the container is one size larger so the plants have room to grow.


Since bacopa is a fast-growing plant, it should be pruned regularly; Otherwise, it will take over your garden. These plants are self-cleaning, which means you won’t have to throw them away.

Care for bacopa plants by removing spent flowers. This will help with flowering. Occasionally cut them back by 5-6 inches to improve growth. This will also make them look tidier, increase air circulation, and result in healthier stems and roots.

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the Sutera Cordata It will begin to die as soon as the first frost comes. When the temperature drops, bring it inside and place it on a window sill where it can still get sunlight. You can also use a grow light that helps the plant stay warm. In gardens, you can cover bacopa with a layer of straw to protect it from low temperatures.

Bacopa flower care

If you notice that your plant is not flowering, it is probably not getting enough water. The flowers and buds will fall off the moment the soil dries out too much. It will bloom again after 2-3 weeks of watering it properly. Remove wilted Flowers To encourage new growth and flowering.

Bacopa varieties

Here are a few well-known varieties of Sutera Cordata Which you can grow in your garden or your aquarium.

‘Giant Snowflake’ Bacopa

This beautiful plant produces gorgeous five-lobed white flowers and heart-shaped leaves. It can reach 4-8 inches in length. Typical growing zones are USDA 9-11. You can grow this versatile plant anywhere, such as window boxes, hanging baskets, or garden pots. It is an ideal ground cover that will help beautify your landscape.

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‘Blue Blizzard’ Bacopa

This variety of bacopa produces an abundance of blue lavender flowers. It can reach 4-10 inches in length. Its growing zones are USDA 9-11. When placed in a hanging container, the plant can reach four feet tall. It is a low maintenance plant that can also be used for garden borders.

Common pests and problems

Image credits: Bassel_Fathy, kayplantandtealover, pisceenn, thisedcollection

Bacopa rarely falls prey to pests. But sometimes, they can be threatened by aphids, spider mites, whiteflies, or thrips. You can eliminate pests using an insecticide spray, neem oil, or a mixture of soap and water.

Dilute the insecticide spray before using it because it may be too harsh for young Bacopa plants. Follow package instructions for best results. The plant can also develop mildew or root rot if it is waterlogged or placed in damp conditions.

Bacopa companion plants

Grow and care for beautiful bacopa and combine it with other beautiful plants in your garden. Here are some options that can add to the splendor of bacopa.

Purple fountain grass

this Ornamental grass It is aptly named because of the arching spikes of purple flowers. It spreads from its long, slender, burgundy leaves. It can be planted in the same garden bed as bacopa because it grows at a similar rate. They will create a stunning visual impact in your garden. Purple fountain grass can also be used to make flower arrangements.

Wax begonia

This flowering plant is very similar to the bacopa plant. Its flowers are also self-cleaning and do not need to be deadheaded. Wax Begonia It can be grown in gardens or grown as a houseplant. It has shiny, waxy-looking leaves that are often green, bronze or maroon. Its flowers are white, pink or red.


These are colorful flowering plants that bloom all summer until frost. They come in different colors, such as red, pink, orange, or white. Its leaves are lush and green with bronze or purple markings. Some geraniums have a beautiful effect and can be grown as hanging plants in the home.

Landscaping tips Sutera Cordata

  • Bacopa spreads quickly as a ground cover. Plant it along a garden path to create lush green edges.
  • You can hang it from your Porch…the balcony of a ground house For the plant to act as a “libation” with trailing leaves creating a fountain of greenery.
  • Bacopa plants look great in pastel (or similar) shade pots.
  • Pair them with silver shade plants to bring out the colors of the bacopa flowers.


To ensure your success in growing stunning bacopa flowers, let’s wrap things up with some common questions people ask.

Why does bacopa turn brown?

the Sutera Cordata It can turn brown due to iron deficiency. You can remedy this by lowering the soil pH by adding elemental sulfur, aluminum sulfate, or sulfuric acid, which you can get from any garden center. A lower soil pH will provide more iron to plant roots.

What is bacopa resistance?

Bacopa is resistant to rabbits and deer, which is excellent because you won’t have to worry about them gnawing on the plant. Deer will leave trailing perennials alone most of the time, but extreme conditions may force them to graze on them.

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