How to grow wonderful climbing vines in your home

How to grow wonderful climbing vines in your home

The vine-covered walls have an unmistakable appeal, evoking lazy afternoons sitting in a cozy English garden or relaxing on the patio of a sunny Mediterranean villa. They can also give your home serious curb appeal. The good news is that training ivy plants and flowering vines to climb your house isn't difficult, and it adds timeless appeal and elegance. “Vines can be a dynamic and beautiful addition to an outdoor space,” says landscape designer Kat Ol Cervone, founder of Staghorn NYC, and The Cultivation by Kat. “I recommend combining them whenever possible.”

But although vines don't require a great deal of skill, they do require a little patience and careful consideration to make sure you're choosing the right one. It takes time and a little effort to train vines to walls, and there are some species you should never plant. “Some vines can be invasive and are not recommended,” says Cervone. “In fact, many vines are not suitable for home gardens unless you have an experienced gardener constantly maintaining and managing them.” (Since there is no professional gardener on staff, you should never plant these invasive plants.)

It's also important to note that climbing vines, like most things, take time to mature. A house covered in vines won't happen overnight! “The rate at which a vine can cover a wall depends largely on the type of vine used and the size of the wall,” says Cervone. “It is not unheard of for Virginia creeper, which is difficult to control because it grows so quickly, to grow 20 feet in one year once established. But other vines, such as climbing hydrangea, creep slowly, putting out only 1 to 3 feet per year. “

Growing vines to grace your home is a long-term commitment, not an overnight transformation. But if you're patient and choose the right plant, you'll be rewarded with dreamy walls covered in vines within a few years. Don't forget that for perennial vines, you should also choose a variety that can survive a winter in your USDA hardiness zone (find your variety here).

Read on to get answers to all your questions about how to grow ivy and vines on your walls without damaging your home.

How do climbing vines cling?

Vines climb by supporting themselves with twining stems, aerial roots or sticky discs – and you need to know what kind of support the vine you choose needs. “It's important to match the support system to how the vines climb,” says Miranda Nemec, director of operations and gardener at “Twinning plants need sturdy support with narrow rods that they can wrap around.” This means you'll need a trellis, netting or ironwork for climbing plants like honeysuckle, kiwi vine and bougainvillea.

Other vines, such as climbing hydrangea, use small aerial roots to cling, so they don't need much help and will climb well on their own, especially over rough surfaces such as masonry. One caveat: “If you choose this type of vine, be aware that if you ever decide to remove it, its aerial roots will remain behind and need to be sanded or power washed,” Nemec says.

The most difficult types of vines to remove are those that stick to sticky discs, such as Boston Ivy and Virginia Creeper. These pose a real threat to homes – if the vine is torn, the lollipop-like discs often pull out pieces of masonry as well, leaving holes behind.

Will climbing vines damage my walls?

It depends on the type of vine – as described above – but also on the house. “There are some surfaces that I don't recommend training the vine on because there's too much risk of damage,” says Cervone. “Homes with vinyl siding, wood siding, and siding should be kept free of vines because the tendrils can crawl under or between the slats, causing them to pull away from the house, introducing moisture down the siding.”

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What are the best vines for wall training?

  • Climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea petularis anomalis) has good shade tolerance, beautiful flowers, and foliage that remains beautiful even in the heat; He clings to himself, Cervone says.
  • Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens) It is a vigorous, fast-growing evergreen vine that has beautiful bright yellow spring flowers. It tolerates light shade. It's twining, so it needs support or trellis, says Cervone.
  • Kiwi vine (Actinidia columicta) is a funky option with fragrant flowers and beautiful versatility, Nemec says.
  • Roses (Rosa), like New Dawn, require more maintenance and will need support, such as a trellis. It's a beautiful, fragrant addition to any garden space, Cervone says.
  • Infernal (infernal) It has small white flowers surrounded by gorgeous paper bracts in bright colors. It is a stunning perennial vine in warm climates. “Climbing takes a little help from you,” Nemec says. You'll need to guide it up the trellis, then check its growth periodically so it continues to curl in the direction you want.
  • Clematis (Clematis) Available in many different varieties and colors; Their petioles, the small stem that connects the leaf to the main stem, wrap around a support structure, so they need straight, narrow supports like heavy-duty coated wire to climb, Nemec says.
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Which vines should you avoid training against a wall?

There are many vines that are not a good idea to plant because they are considered invasive or may damage your roof. Many are still sold in nurseries and online, so read labels and look up the name of the plant to be sure of what you're buying.

Vines that you should avoid planting to climb the walls of your home include:

  • English Ivy (ivy snail) “It can damage the mortar and become invasive,” says Cervone. If you like the look of ivy, keep it as a potted houseplant, where it won't take over – although it may start breeding spider mites.
  • wisteria, Included Wisteria sinensis And wisteria floribunda, It is considered invasive. If you are a fan of wisteria, use species native to North America. Wisteria fruit“Amethyst Falls is a popular local variety,” says Nemec.
  • Trumpet vine (radical camp) It's a powerful climber that can become a maintenance nightmare, Nemec says.
  • Winter creeper (Eunimus Fortuny) “It can become invasive in the garden and also spread by wind to open up natural areas where it can take over,” Cervone says.
How to grow vines in your home

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How do you get a vine to climb a trellis or wall?

Some plants, such as climbing roses and bougainvillea, may need some help from you getting started. “For example, gently weave the rose across the support so it can start growing in the right direction,” says Cervone. “If the vine is very small, use twist ties, garden twine, or outdoor-rated hook-and-loop hardware, such as Velcro, to secure it to the trellis.” A thin metal wire attached to the wall with eye hooks also serves as support.

You'll need to check your vine periodically during the growing season to make sure it's going in the right direction. Redirect any wayward growth by weaving it into a trellis or securing it with twine, says Cervone. Perennial vines also benefit from annual pruning to maintain shape or to promote better flowering.

If perennial vines seem like too much effort to maintain year after year, consider planting an annual, Nemec says. There are plenty of options, including morning glory, moonflower, vine types of nasturtium (not the hillside types), black-eyed Susan vine, and crimson bean, which has beautiful red flowers that hummingbirds love and the beans are edible. You'll get all the beauty and color—plus the attraction of pollinators—with annual vines, plus the added flexibility of knowing you can change the type of vine you plant each year.

    (tags for translation) Climbing vines

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